Political parties should respect Canadians’ privacy rights and obtain “meaningful consent” before they collect citizens’ personal information, Canada’s privacy watchdog and top elections official say.
There are currently no rules governing how political parties can collect, store and analyze personal information about Canadian voters, and no oversight into how political parties currently do so.
The advice came Monday from federal privacy commissioner Daniel Therrien and chief electoral officer Stéphane Perrault ahead of October’s national election.
Their guidance is summarized in four points:
- Political parties must be transparent by clearly explaining what personal information will be used for, whether it will be shared with others and for what purpose;
- Obtain meaningful consent for the collection, use and disclosure of personal information and only use the information for purposes individuals have consented to. For example, parties should not assume consent to add personal information collected through social media to party databases simply when people interact with a party by liking a post on social media;
- Provide individuals with access to their information and the opportunity to correct it;
- Keep personal information only as long as necessary to satisfy the purposes for which it was collected, and then destroy the information securely. For example, information collected for a specific petition or cause should not be reused for general political messaging.
The two officials are issuing the guidance because the Trudeau government has decided against forcing federal parties to follow a privacy law. Instead, under recent changes to the Canada Elections Act — which came into effect Monday — federal political parties have to declare specific privacy policies they will follow. Those policies have to be approved by Elections Canada by July 1.
British Columbia is the only jurisdiction that regulates the privacy practices of political parties.
The guidance includes a list of obligations imposed on federal parties under the new elections law and some questions party officials might ask themselves to see if they meet those duties.
“Information about our political views is extremely sensitive and worthy of strong privacy protections,” Privacy Commissioner Daniel Therrien said in a statement. “We know that political parties collect vast amounts of data about voters. Canadians expect and deserve to have their privacy rights respected as they exercise their democratic rights.”
Political parties that receive electors’ information from Elections Canada have a responsibility to adopt robust privacy policies to protect it, added chief electoral officer Stéphane Perrault. “Canadians’ confidence in how political parties treat their personal information is essential to continued trust in electoral democracy.”
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